The first settlements in Rome were built on the Palatine hill around the 10th century BC. Archaeological discoveries show the presence of large villages located along the Tiber River from Rome to Ostia.
According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus, son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, in April 21 753 BC, on the Palatine Hill after he killed his brother Remus. The ancient city was created through a progressive urbanization and sprawl of the other villages that were built on the famous seven hills, and eventually coming together to form what was ancient Rome.
From a geographical point of view, Ancient Rome was located on large flat areas, swampy valleys and hills flanked by the river Tiber. The people who inhabited these regions, used two major trade routes, going from the coast to inland areas (Sabina) along the Tiber and were used primarily to transport salt.
Ancient Rome is still visible today in the monuments but also in the customs and traditions that have been handed down through the centuries. Well known to many today is the cuisine from Ancient Rome and also the many festivals, games and other various customs that are still practiced today.
For Nearly 250 Years, Rome was ruled by the Seven Kings, including Romulus himself, who contributed to the growth and development of the city economically, politically, and culturally. During this period, Rome saw the mass construction of churches, palaces, monuments, and much more.
Even today when walking through the streets of Rome you can see the historical monuments that have survived over the centuries. First of all the Roman Colosseum, the undisputed symbol of Rome, who along Via dei Fori Imperiali continues to represent the essence of ancient Rome. Also built during this period at the behest of the Roman Kings was the Circus Maximus, the great Roman arena used for trade and outdoor sport events, the Portico di Ottavia, the Theater of Marcellus and the charming Thermae of Caracalla, an example of ancient Roman architecture that still dominates the city's streets.
After the reign of the seven kings, Rome saw the birth of a Roman Republic, during which time there were constant struggles between patricians and plebeians. The Republican Period led to a series of transformations in the city. During this period, people from all over Europe came to Rome and thus began the great trade with the west and the Romans began their plan of conquest over the Greeks, and Europe in general. During the PunicWars (246-146 BC) the Romans fought against Carthage in order to conquer the lands of the Mediterranean. Following the Macedonian War (212-168 BC), In which the Romans took possession of Macedonia, Rome became the most powerful city in the world. Thus, it created the first Roman provinces which included: Sicily, Sardinia, Spain, Greece, Africa and Macedonia.
VISIT ANCIENT ROME
For those coming to Rome on holiday, we’ve organized an Ancient Rome Itinerary, a real tourist guide with photos, descriptions and a map of Rome created to relive the great history of the city by visiting the most famous monuments and learning the legends.