Lake Bolsena is situated in the northern part of Lazio, in the province of Viterbo and is part of the volcanic complex of Vulsinio. The lake has an elliptical shape, an area of 114.5 square kilometers with a maximum depth of 151 m and a perimeter of 43 km. From the waters of Lake Bolsena also emerge two islands, Bisentina and Martana, residual volcanic craters. The effluent of the lake is the river Marta which flows into the Tyrrhenian.
The holidays at Lake Bolsena are a good alternative for those who like relax, good food, history and breathtaking landscapes. Not only because the lake is rich in facilities where you can relax, participate in events and enjoy the local products, but also because Bolsena is a really picturesque villages on the outskirts of Rome, dominated by the beautiful medieval castle.
Inhabitated since the time of the Etruscans to the Middle Ages the the lake give you have opportunity to see important works of art, ancient fortresses and archeological finds. Among these we suggest you visit Capodimonte, the medieval village that stands at the head of the lake, Montefiascone where you can admire a beautiful panoramic view of Lake Bolsena, Gradoli the country built in a volcanic crater, Grotte di Castro for the beautiful medieval structure and Marta, where you can admire the characteristic fishing port.
The Lake of Bolsena also offers several outdoor activities including fishing, sailing, windsurfing and hiking tours along the shores of the lake or hiking in nature, to discover the great natural heritage that is hidden in the area of Bolsena.
During the spring and summer in the Lake of Bolsena, several species of nesting waterbirds generally use the reeds to hide nests and young. Among these are: the bittern, a small heron, the great reed warbler, the reed warbler and grebe. On both islands there are colonies of herring gull and the oak woods of the Monti Vulsini is the kite. From November to February you meet groups of tufted ducks, pochards, Pochard Turks, coots, great crested grebes, little grebes, loons small, egrets and herons.
The coastal areas of the lake are characterized by the presence of reed to reed made from the bones and more bones to narrow leaves. In the clearings one can see the ears flooded with small pink flowers of the polygon anfibioe the white flowers of the buttercup leaves capillaries. In shallow water you develop zannichellia Brasca and lagoons. In medium water depth is widespread grass tench (Potamogeton Lucens) while the perimeter of the lake is characterized by the presence of algal mats rigid and brittle, gray-green, belonging to the genus Chara.
What to see
Catacombs of Santa Cristina-Bolsena: are located inside the Basilica, in the grottoes of St. Christina. Here you can see the altar, the small basilica, the beautiful frescoes and the tomb of the martyr.
Opening hours: From October to Easter: 9.30 to 11.30 hours, from 15 to 16.30, from Easter to September: from 9.30 to 12 hours, from 15.30 to 18.30.
Territorial Museum of the Lake of Bolsena-Montefiascone: is located inside the fortress Monaldeschi and is divided into five sections: "Volcanology and training of the territory", "protohistoric and Etruscan period", "Medieval and material culture, folk traditions and dialect "," teaching "and" underwater "
Opening hours: 10 - 13, Saturday and Sunday 10 am - 13 / 16 - 20. Closed Monday
Garden of the Cannock-Marta: The Cannock is an ancient medieval building built on the river Marta is now home to a beautiful botanical garden.
Opening hours: by appointment
Museum of Sacred Art-Gradoli: The museum is housed in the sacristy of the collegiate church of St. Mary Magdalene and exposes BJECTS liturgical sculptures, tapestries and 15 tablets of the sixteenth century depicting the mysteries of the Rosary.
Opening hours: Open by appointment
Basilica of Our Lady of Suffrage-Grotte di Castro: in the basement of the church you can visit the Museum of Our Lady of Suffrage which houses vestments, reliquaries, votive paintings and sculptures.
Opening hours: by appointment
How to get to the Lake of Bolsena:
From the A1 motorway, exit at Orvieto, prosegue to Viterbo and follow the direction for Bolsena.
From Rome, take the SS. Cassia and exit at Montefiascone or San Lorenzo.
From the Via Aurelia exit at Montalto di Castro, following the signs for Canino.
See the bus schedule to / from Bolsena on Cotral
Consult the timetables of trains to / from Bolsena and neighboring countries on Trenitalia