Fascism was a totalitarian and nationalist political movement founded by Benito Mussolini in Italy after the First World War. The movement was supported by nationalists, by the conservatives and by many veterans who were disappointed by war’s broken promises. In 1924 the newly formed National Fascist Party won the elections and slowly started to impose a dictatorship led by Mussolini. In 1940 Italy declared war to France and Britain and officially entered into the second World War; in this period the regime began to decline and ended with the fall of Mussolini in July 1943. Twenty years of fascist government have left an indelible mark in Italian architecture and Rome is the city which still bears more signs.
The fascist architecture wanted to abolish any sort of link with the past, recovering only some classical elements in a nationalistic view. To give an image of power and eternity the regime designed and build urban areas, buildings and new cities with marble, using flat facade, geometric shapes such as cube and cylinder, and using black and white and no decorations. Transport:
To move from one place to another is recommended to use a car. If you want to use public transport: from Via dei Fori Imperiali to Via della Conciliazione take bus 40; from Via della Conciliazione to Foro Italico, take bus 280;
The tour starts from the center of Rome that had considerable changes during the Fascist era. Large roads were designed by the architect Marcello Piacentini, such as Via dei Fori Imperiali, which had to symbolically connect the Roman Colosseum to Venice Square. He also designed Via della Conciliazione to connect Sant'Angelo Castle to St Peter's Basilica.
Moving from the center to the north part of the city there’s the Foro Italico, formerly called Foro Mussolini, a monumental sport center that includes the Olympic Stadium wanted by Mussolini. The Forum was built between 1931-33 on an Arch’s project. The stadium still shows signs of the past: the 92 statues of athletes in various sports attitudes and the enormous obelisk, 19.40 meters high, which still has written Mussolini Dux.
From here we recommend the following itineraries:
Ancient Rome Part 1
Ancient Rome Part 2
Ancient Rome Part 3
Ancient Rome Part 4
Ancient Rome Part 5
Historic Center Part 5