Fascism was a totalitarian and nationalist political movement founded by Benito Mussolini in Italy after the First World War. The movement was supported by nationalists who denounced a "mutilated victory", by conservatives and by many veterans who were disappointed by war’s broken promises. In 1924 the newly formed National Fascist Party won the elections and slowly started to impose a dictatorship led by Mussolini. In 1940 Italy declared war to France and Britain and officially entered into the second World War; in this period the regime began to decline and ended with the fall of Mussolini in July 1943. Twenty years of fascist government have left an indelible mark in Italian architecture and Rome is the city which still bears more signs.
The fascist architecture wanted to abolish any sort of link with the past, recovering only some classical elements in a nationalistic view. To give an image of power and eternity the regime designed and build urban areas, buildings and new cities with marble, using flat facade, geometric shapes such as cube and cylinder, and using black and white and no decorations.
To move from one place to another is recommended to use a car. If you want to use public transport: to arrive in Eur take the Metro, Linea B and stop at Magliana; from Eur to Fosse Ardeatine change from Linea B to Linea A at Termini Station to arrive in Metro Stop San Giovanni, then the bus 218. From Fosse Ardeatine to Cinecittà take the Metro, Linea A and stop at Cinecittà.
To visit the sites mentioned it takes half day.
In the south part of Rome there’s EUR the main example of fascist architecture, a neighborhood with monumental buildings of white marble, where you can find many references to the Duce and to his empire. There’s the Museum of Roman Civilization which has reproductions and reconstructions of monuments and architectural complexes of ancient Rome and of the provinces of the Roman Empire. There’s the Palace of Italian Civilization (colosseo quadrato, Square Coliseum) considered the 'emblem of Marcello Piacentini’s simplified neoclassicism; he was the coordinator of the Commission for the creation of the neighborhood .
In the south part of the city there’s also Cinecittà, a complex of studios, built by Mussolini and opened in 1937. was famous in all the world.
This itinerary should finish with a visit to the Mausoleum of the Fosse Ardeatine, created in memory of the cruel massacre perpetrated by the Nazis in Rome on March 24, 1944 and opened in 1949, after the war, on the fifth anniversary of massacre.
From here we recommend the following itineraries:
Fascism in North of Rome